Asthma is a disease that causes the airways in your lungs to narrow, making it difficult to breathe. It can be caused by allergies or viruses. Some people who have asthma also develop allergies and hay fever. To know how to cope with the symptoms of asthma and keep it under control, you need to understand what causes an asthma attack, when these attacks occur, and what triggers them.
Signs and symptoms of asthma in children
Signs and symptoms of asthma in children include:
- Wheezing. This is a high-pitched sound that occurs when you breathe out. It may be loud and dry, or soft and wet, depending on the type of asthma you have.
- Coughing. A cough is often worse at night or first thing in the morning, especially after exercise or exposure to cold air (such as going outside without a jacket). It may also occur when your child has colds or allergies (called extrinsic allergic alveolitis).
- Shortness of breath–not being able to take deep breaths without having chest pain or tightness; this may make it hard for them to run around with other kids their age because they feel tired so easily from not getting enough oxygen into their bodies through their lungs’ air sacs called alveoli
Signs and symptoms of asthma in adults
The most common signs and symptoms of asthma in adults are:
- Coughing and wheezing. These symptoms may be worsened by exertion, such as exercise or playing sports.
- Breathing problems. Asthma can cause shortness of breath (dyspnea), chest tightness, chest pain, and cough with phlegm production that produces sputum (phlegm).
- Fatigue. Because people with asthma often experience fatigue throughout their day due to frequent shortness of breath episodes during daily activities, they may feel tired when they wake up in the morning or after a long day at work or school. There’s also a risk that your lungs could become so inflamed that it affects other organs like your heart because they’re working overtime just trying to keep up with all this extra breathing!
A person with asthma may experience any of the following symptoms during an attack:
- Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
- Tightening of the chest (chest pain)
- Wheezing or whistling sound when breathing, especially with exertion. This is caused by airways narrowing due to spasms in the muscles surrounding them, which makes it harder for you to breathe.
- Coughing and sputum production (phlegm). Your airways become blocked by mucus that needs to be cleared out so you can breathe properly again, but this can make you feel worse because it means there’s less room for fresh air to flow into your lungs and remove pollutants from them as they normally would do naturally without any problems occurring at all!
Asthma attack treatments
If you have an inhaler, use it. If not, go to the emergency room.
If you don’t have a nebulizer or rescue inhaler and need immediate treatment for your asthma attack:
- Call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.
- Take a deep breath in through your mouth and exhale through your nose slowly while lying down flat on your back with your feet raised above heart level (elevation). This can help reduce shortness of breath caused by fluid buildup in the lungs known as pulmonary edema.
Once you know the signs, it is usually possible to manage asthma well.
Once you know the signs, it is usually possible to manage asthma well. It is important to know what is happening with your body and how to change it so that asthma symptoms can be reduced or even prevented.
There are many different types of treatments for asthma:
- Medicines that control the symptoms of your condition (antibiotics and antihistamines)
- Breathing exercises that help you breathe easier through your nose and mouth (deep breathing exercises)
If you have been diagnosed with asthma, it’s important to follow any instructions given by a doctor or pharmacist about using these medicines properly in order to get better results as quickly as possible.
Asthma is a serious condition that can be managed well with the right treatment. If you think your child has asthma, see a doctor as soon as possible. Asthma symptoms in adults can be difficult to recognize and are often mistaken for other illnesses; therefore it’s important to have regular check-ups with your doctor so that any problems can be identified early on.